Resolving sex and gender bias in COVID-19 vaccines R&D and beyond

Lavanya Vijayasingham, Shirin Heidari, Jean Munro, Saad Omer, Noni MacDonald

Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics – January 25, 2022

The influence of sex and gender in immune response and vaccine outcomes is established in many disease areas, including in COVID-19. Yet, there are notable gaps in the consideration of sex and gender in the analysis and reporting of COVID-19 vaccines clinical trial data. The push for stronger sex and gender integration in vaccines science should be championed by all researchers and stakeholders across the R&D and access ecosystem – not just gender experts.

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